Home  (Site index)
Bunker Introduction
Brits in German Service
Oder Front Film 1945
Der Adler
British Free Corps
RAD Photo Album
Living in the past
BFC  Lions and Shields
Alfred Minchin BFC
Blackshirts in Britain
Maria 1943~1944
A mysterious tragedy
Blackshirt  Gallery
 Americans in the W-SS
Wehrmacht in Iraq 1941
Tears, no song of joy
Anneliese van Heck
German visit 1939
SS-Gren. Kinnett 1944
Major Remer 1944
Heinz van Lipzig
Heimat Front pdf Files
War Crimes Doc. 1945
Operation Veritable
ORBAT  Op.Veritable
POW camp at Weeze
Food rationing
Rhineland War Walks
60th Anniv. Arnhem
Arnhem 2004 Gallery
Youth serve the Führer
W-H-W Eintopfsonntag
From unemployment
Dieter Müller 1945
Women in uniform
Kinder - Küche - Kirche
Women in Third Reich
Natter Project 1945
Technical Manuals
Volkssturm 1944-45
BFC Post-war Booklist
Märklin and Goering
German Railway Pics
240 Op. Code Names
Charlie´s Orchestra
A German Radio 1933
Richard Wright 1945
Hermann Wrubel 1917
Guernsey STAR 1942
Reichswald 2009
32nd Regiment of Foot
FILM-It Happened Here
BFC on the Television
BFC - Q´s and A´s
Horst Wessel- Berlin
Führerbunker- Berlin
Wannsee - Berlin
Wilhelm Strasse- Berlin
Bendler Block- Berlin
Salon Kitty- Berlin
Menschen am Sonntag
Historical Sites- Berlin
BUF/UM 1945-1949
Occupations 1914-1918
Horst Wessel- Mülheim
Horst Wessel- Bielefeld
Horst Wessel- Statue
Hans Maikowski
German Cigarette Cards
German Flags 1
German Flags 2
German Flags 3
German Flags 4
German Flags 5
German Flags 6
German Flags 7
German Flags 8
Berlin Olympia Part 1
Berlin Olympia Part 2
Berlin Olympia Part 3
Krieg und Kunst 1
Krieg und Kunst 2
Krieg und Kunst 3
Krieg und Kunst 4
Krieg und Kunst 5
Krieg und Kunst 6
Krieg und Kunst 7
German Reich 1933
German Reich 1934
German Reich 1935
German Reich 1936
German Reich 1937
German Reich 1938
German Reich 1939
German Reich 1940
German Reich 1941
German Reich 1942
German Reich 1943
German Reich 1944
German Reich 1945
Feldpost 1939-1945
1933-1944 Postcards
Eastern Front 1941-45
Channel Islands WW2
Serbia 1941-1944
Western Front 1940-45
Legion Issues 1941-44
Azad Hind Issue 1943
Albania 1943-1944
Provinz Laibach 1943-45
Macedonia  1944
Zara 1943
Zante 1943 / Brac 1944
Introduction 1940-45
April 1940
May 1940
June 1940
July 1940
August 1940
September 1940
October 1940
November 1940
December 1940
January 1941
February 1941
March 1941
April 1941
May 1941
June 1941
July 1941
August 1941
September 1941
October 1941
Write in Guestbook
Read the Guestbook
Contact and Impressum

Die hier gezeigten Abzeichen sind zu edukativen Zwecken dargestellt, aus diesem Grund sind sie nicht abgedeckt. Weiterhin möchte ich auf den folgenden Discliamer aufmerksam machen:

Disclaimer: Die hier gezeigten Abbildungen aus der Zeit des "Dritten Reiches", u.a. mit dem damals obligatorischen "Hakenkreuz", dienen der Berichterstattung über Vorgänge des Zeitgeschehens, der staatsbürgerlichen Aufklärung sowie Forschung und Lehre (§ 86a, 86 StGB)

On 28th August 1939 the German people were surprised by the introduction of ration cards. Main food (meat, lard, coffee and sugar) were only to be obtained by using ration cards. From 25th September that year, bread and eggs were rationed as well. The NSDAP officials hoped to prevent a famine as seen in World War I by starting this rationing scheme well in advance.

In the first part of World War II, the "Normalverbraucher" (average consumer) received for example up to 700 grams of meat or items made from meat like sausages; 280 grams sugar; 110 grams jam; 2400 grams of bread; 270 grams lard/cooking oil and 1/5 liter of milk a week. 20 grams of tea and 62,5 grams of "Ersatz-Kaffee" could be obtained monthly.
Potatoes and vegetables could be obtained without a ration card.

The ration scheme reduced the use of meat and lard by half on contrast to 1937. Heavy duty workers, children and teenagers and pregnant women would be granted a special allowance.

Soon tobacco and spirits were heavily taxed with the so called "Kriegssondersteuer", which was 20% of the shop price.

People started to fill up their store cupboards, which was frowned upon.

Big companies like Robert Bosch in Stuttgart had to adjust the daily menues for their workers.

" In peace time we served two meals a day, one for 45 Pfennigs and one for 70 Pfennigs. Since war has started we only offer one meal at the cost of 30 Pfennigs."

A weekly menue of their 30 Pfennigs menues:

Monday: Peasoup with sausages and a bread roll
Tuesday: Fried Spaghetti with gravy and potatoe salad
Wednesday: Meat Loaf with turnips and potatoes
Thursday: "Leberkäse" with potatoe salad
Friday: Soup, fried potatoes and beetroot

During the war the meat ration went down to 300 grams and lard was reduced to roughly 200 grams. A diet based on protein and fat was changing to a diet based on bread and vegetable based products. The quality of food, especially of bread, was going down. Shop keepers did play tricks with the scales here and there, which lead to heated discussions with the consumer.
Cues in front of shops, "Warteschlangen" became an everyday sight, unknown to rural farming areas like the Bayrische Wald. There people only knew about the hunger of families in Hamburg or the Ruhrgebiet by hearsay, by evacuees from the "Kinderlandverschickung" for example. The bombing of the cities and important transport lines played an important part in the decrease of supplies.

In spring 1945 the "Normalverbraucher" was entitled to 250 grams of meat and 125 grams of lard and 1700 grams of poor quality bread. Health was deteriorating and bitterness arose. Corruption grew, although being punished severely, black market and swapping goods were ways of obtaining what was needed. "Hamsterfahrten", trips from cities to rural farm areas to get as many goods as possible and to carry them home in full pockets like a hamster would, were another solution to get food supplies.

A police report states:

".....in the Alpen and Donau area one can swap 1 packet of tobacco for 500 grams of bacon or 500 grams of butter and 1cigarette equals 1 egg. In rural areas around Hamburg one can find a swapping scheme based on peace time prices: 1 goose can be swapped for 3 bottles of brandy. In the Danzig area 50 grams meat equal 10 cigarettes and 5 grams of lard can be obtained for 1 cigarette."

Improvisation in the kitchen was a must for every mother in those days. For example, stinging nettles were used instead of spinach or made as a soup. Bread was made more filling by using saw dust.

With the end of World War II real hunger reached the German people when the allied forces tried to spread the remaining food supplies equally over Europe. To secure a fair system, the ration card for food was essential and hence being in use till October 1950.

Here a picture of a very special kind of ration card, something every soldier
would have loved to have held in his hand

the "Reichskußkarte", the ration card for kisses of all kinds.

A lovely bit of humor of the time.