Horst Wessel was born in Bielefeld in 1907, but he only lived in Bielefeld for a year before moving to Mülheim in NRW. The Wessel family then moved to Berlin in 1913 and although his birth and later death in Berlin are well documented, little is known about the five years in Mülheim. The town of Mülheim is some 20 minutes travel from where I work, so a visit was long overdue.
Horst wessel 1907-1930
Doktor Ludwig Wessel was a pastor at the Petrikirche church between 1908 and 1913 in Mülheim. At the time of moving to Mülheim Horst was an only child of just over one years old, a brother and sister would follow. The Pastor was a monarchist and joined the DNVP (German National Peoples Party) and later served on the staff of Fieldmarschall Hindenburg during the First World War.
It was later in Berlin that Horst Wessel himself joined the youth branch of the DNVP, the Bismarck Jugend, but that was ten years after the family left Mülheim.
Heissener Strasse, the former "Horst Wessel Strasse" and the street where Horst Wessel lived for five years of his life.
Believed to have been the house where the Wessel family lived whilst in Mülheim.
The house can no longer identified, I do not know the house number and 50% of the houses were destroyed in the war due to the fact that the street ran close to a railwayline and therefore a major target in the war.
Another view of the former "Horst Wessel Strasse" in Mülheim.
A view of the Petrikirche church where Pastor Wessel worked. The spot marked with an "A" is the point in which the next picture following was taken.
(This image was taken from Google Maps)
Pastor Wessel with a very young Horst. (marked with an "A" in the view above)
The church and vicarage were mostly destroyed during the bombing of WW2 and had to be reconstructed
Another view of the vicarage from the other side
Petrikirche in Mülheim
The view from the church steps, a view that would have delighted Pastor Ludwig Wessel on his way home all those years ago
The side gate way leading to the church and vicarage, Horst as an infant would have used this gate when out with his parents
Now a change of location, we walk along the Friedrich-Ebert-Strasse that joins the friedrich Strasse, this was once known as the "Adolf Hitler Strasse"
The former NSDAP Headquarters for Mülheim, known as the "Horst Wessel Haus" in the Third Reich
Formerly Adolf Hitler Strasse 44
The former "Horst Wessel Haus" from inside. Before 1933 the building was an hotel, now it is offices for climate protection
Another change of location, this time we are at the Kaiser Platz which was formerly the "Platz der SA"
So now we leave Mülheim and for those of you who are interested, there are a further three articles on this website covering Horst Wessel.